Back when Nixon and Ford were President, the neocons were able to make their way into the Whitehouse. Dick Cheney became Chief of Staff to President Ford. The neocons established a belief that they were there to lead the rest of the world. In 1976 Donald Rumsfeld tried to fire up the cold car. Since none of what Rumsfeld was saying was evident, he convinced Ford to establish an independent group.
The group was called ‘Team B’ it was put under the directive of Richard Pipes an academic who specializes in Russian history, particularly with respect to the Soviet Union. Pipes took under his wing a young and enthusiast Paul Wolfowitz. Team B, the original purpose was to manipulate the CIA original intelligence with a bid to represent the Soviet Union as a truly evil nation, whose only intent was to annihilate the United States. By the end of their task Pipes and Wolfowitz created a truly terrifying representation of the Soviet Union.
The Carter administration derailed the neocons plans for a short while.
The neocons formed an alliance with the Religious right which up until then had stayed out of politics, however, the neocons used the threat of Russian atheism to scare the religious right into action.
With Ronald Reagan winning the 1980 election by a landslide the neocons lined up for positions in his cabinet and administration. Paul Wolfowitz was named the head of external relations for the Whitehouse. Richard Perle was appointed deputy Secretary of defence.
It was in 1980 that the Soviet Union, crippled by debt attempted to invade Afghanistan. The CIA employed Osama Bin Laden to fight off the invaders. The CIA, provided money, weapons, and training to Bin Laden and his fellow fighters. With the departure of the Russians from Kabul, the wheels were set in motion for the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Despite the relatively quiet times with Russia, it was Donald Rumsfeld who kept trying to enlarge the problem. He tried to create any enemy that history would prove to be non-existent.
When George W Bush took office in 2000, he bought with him Dick Cheney, Secretary of defence Donald Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary for Defence Paul Wolfowitz. All of whom had served together previously in the administrations of Ronald Reagan and George Herbert Walker Bush.
Paul Wolfowitz had been recognized as the intellectual force behind a radical neoconservative fringe of the Republican Party. For years Wolfowitz had been advancing the idea that the United States should reconsider its commitments to international treaties, international law and multilateral organisations such as the United Nations. A radical plan for American military domination first sentenced during the administration of George H W Bush.
In 1992 Paul Wolfowitz working in the department of defence was asked to write the first draft of a new national security strategy. A document entitled ‘The Defence Planning Guidance’ the most controversial elements of what would later become known as ‘The Wolfowitz doctrine’ were that the United States should dramatically increase defence spending. That it should be ready to take pre-emptive action. It should be ready to use military force unilaterally, with or without allies.
This new reliance on the military force was necessary according to Wolfowitz to prevent the emergence any future or potential rivals to American power. And to secure access to vital resources. Especially Persian Gulf oil.
Out of power during the Clinton Presidency Wolfowitz and his colleagues affiliated themselves with a number of a couple of influential conservative think tanks. In 2000 they would craft yet another military strategy this one published by another right-wing think-tank calling itself the project For the New American century.
At its core, the doctrine revived the Wolfowitz doctrine. It called on the United States to increase the military budget by up to 100 billion dollars. To deny other nations the use of outer space and to adopt more aggressive and unilateral foreign policy. That would allow the United States to act offensively and pre-emptively in the world. The illumination of states like Iraq figured prominently in this grand vision.
The Project for the New American Century was established as an organization in 1997. It was chartered before George W Bush came into power. Its founding members included Donald Rumsfeld, Dick Cheney, Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle, Louis Levy (Cheney’s Chief of Staff), John Bolton (Undersecretary of state for arms control), Eliot A. Cohen. Much of what these men wanted is coming true.
The Full list of people involved according to Wikipedia and PNAC website are:
William Kristol, Co-founder, and Chairman
Robert Kagan, Co-founder
Bruce P. Jackson
Project staff - Other directors
Ellen Bork, Deputy Director
Timothy Lehmann, Assistant Director
Other associates: Senior fellows
Thomas Donnelly, Senior Fellow
Reuel Marc Gerecht, Senior Fellow
Gary Schmitt, Senior Fellow
Michael Goldfarb, Research Associate
Daniel McKivergan, Deputy Director
Signatories to Statement of Principles
William J. Bennett
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush
Eliot A. Cohen
Fred C. Ikle
I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby
J. Danforth Quayle
Peter W. Rodman
Stephen P. Rosen
Henry S. Rowen
William "Bill" Kristol (born December 23, 1952) is an American neoconservative political analyst and commentator. He is the founder and editor at large of the political magazine The Weekly Standard and a political commentator on several networks.
Robert Kagan (born September 26, 1958) is an American historian, author, columnist, and foreign-policy commentator. Kagan is mainly characterized as a leading neoconservative. He is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Bruce P. Jackson political roles included McCain for President 2008, Foreign Policy advisory team, 2000 Republican National Convention: Chair of Platform Subcommittee for Foreign Policy, presidential campaign (George W. Bush).Republican National Convention: Platform Committee and Platform Subcommittee for National Security and Foreign Policy, 1996.Dole for President: National Co-Chairman of Finance Committee 1995–1996.
Randall James "Randy" Scheunemann (born January 12, 1960) is an American neoconservative lobbyist. He is the President of the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq, which was created by the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), of which he is a board member. He was Trent Lott's National Security Aide and was an advisor to Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld on Iraq. He is a paid lobbyist for the country of Georgia and was 2008 Presidential candidate John McCain's foreign-policy aide.
Ellen Bork is an American human rights activist. She is currently a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Initiative. Before taking this position, Bork was the Senior Programs Manager for Human Rights at Freedom House. She is a member of the District of Columbia Bar.
Gary Schmitt In the early 1980s, Schmitt worked as a member of the professional staff of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and, from 1982 to 1984, served as the committee's minority staff director. From 1984 to 1988 he held the post of executive director of President Reagan's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.
Reuel Marc Gerecht is an American writer and political analyst focused on the Middle East. He is a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, focusing primarily on the Middle East, Islamic militancy, counterterrorism, and intelligence. He is a former director of the Project for the New American Century's Middle East Initiative and a former resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. Earlier in his career Gerecht was a case officer at the CIA, primarily working on Middle Eastern targets.
Elliott Abrams (born January 24, 1948) is a former American diplomat, lawyer and political scientist who served in foreign policy positions for Presidents Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush. Abrams was convicted of withholding information from Congress about the Iran–Contra affair while serving under Reagan but was pardoned by President George H. W. Bush.
William John "Bill" Bennett (born July 31, 1943) is an American conservative pundit, politician, and political theorist, who served as Secretary of Education from 1985 to 1988 under President Ronald Reagan. He also held the post of Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy under George H. W. Bush.
Midge Decter together with Donald Rumsfeld, Decter is the former co-chair of the Committee for the Free World and one of the original drivers of the neoconservative movement with her spouse, Norman Podhoretz.
Malcolm Stevenson "Steve" Forbes, Jr. is an American publishing executive, who was twice a candidate for the nomination of the Republican Party for President. Forbes is the Editor-in-Chief of Forbes, a business magazine. Forbes was a Republican candidate in the 1996 and 2000 Presidential primaries. Forbes is the son of longtime Forbes publisher Malcolm Forbes, and the grandson of that publication's founder, B.C. Forbes.
Francis Fukuyama is a council member of the International Forum for Democratic Studies founded by the National Endowment for Democracy and was a member of the Political Science Department of the RAND Corporation.
Fred C. Ikle was appointed director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency in 1973-1977, before becoming Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (1981 to 1988). He was later a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Department of Defense's Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee.
Zalmay Mamozy Khalilzad is a former American diplomat and a counselor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and president of Gryphon Partners and Khalilzad Associates, an international business consulting firm based in Washington, D.C. He was the United States Ambassador to the United Nations under President George W. Bush. He has been involved with U.S. policy makers at the White House, State Department and Pentagon since the mid-1980s, and was the highest-ranking Muslim American in the Administration of U.S. President George W. Bush. Khalilzad's previous assignments in the Administration include U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and U.S. Ambassador to Iraq. He studied closely with strategic thinker Albert Wohlstetter, a prominent nuclear deterrence thinker, and strategist, who provided Khalilzad with contacts in the government and with RAND.
Gary Rowen started his career as an economist for the RAND Corporation, a Santa Monica, California think-tank, where he worked between 1950-1953, and again between 1955-1960.Between 1965-1966, Rowen was the Assistant Director of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget. From 1967-1972, he was the president of RAND Corporation. From 1981-1983, he was the chairman of the National Intelligence Council. Between 1989-1991, Rowen served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs at the U.S. Department of Defense, under Dick Cheney.
Vin Weber is a member of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) and was one of the signers of the PNAC Letter sent to US President Bill Clinton dated January 26, 1998, advocating "the removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime from power" along with Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld and 29 other notable Republicans.
Eliot Asher Cohen is a scholar of international affairs. He was a counselor in the United States Department of State under Condoleezza Rice from 2007 to 2009. In 1997, Cohen co-founded the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), which was a center for prominent neoconservatives. He has been a member of the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee, a committee of civilians and retired military officers that the U.S. Secretary of Defense may call upon for advice that was instituted during the administration of President George W. Bush.
I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby is an American lawyer and former advisor to Vice President Dick Cheney. From 2001 to 2005, Libby held the offices of Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs and Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States and Assistant to the President during the administration of President George W. Bush.
James Danforth "Dan" Quayle is an American politician. He was the 44th Vice President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 under President George H W Bush. He was also a U.S. Representative (1977–81) and U.S. Senator (1981–89) from the state of Indiana.
Rosen is a signatory to the Project for the New American Century's controversial 90-page report entitled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces and Resources for a New Century (2000), advocating the redeployment of U.S. troops in permanent bases in strategic locations throughout the world where they can be ready to act to protect U.S. interests abroad.
They had plans to abandon the anti-ballistic Missile Treaty, which has since happened.
The wanted to set up more permanent Military Bases in other countries, which they have since in done in the Philippines, Georgia, and Iraq.
They urged Regime change in other countries which has happened in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria.
They set themselves the goal of foreign wars, like in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria with plans to take the wars further and setting up more military bases.
They wanted the United States to be seen as a global constabulary. Unburden by the United Nations or any challenge to US dominance.
However they published all of this one year before 911 they said of the plan “Such aspirations Further, the process of transformation [of the military], even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event––like a new Pearl Harbor” took place
Was 911 just a coincidence?
Cheney chose himself to be George W Bush’s Vice President.
Cheney believed that the 21sy century would belong to the United States and that it would start with the over throw of Saddam Hussain. Ever before 911, Dick Cheney was insistent that the US must invade Iraq. After 911 Cheney kept putting out to the media that Saddam had weapons of mass destruction. Selling that threat was crucial for Cheney to gain America's support for the war.
The CIA had been tasked with finding evidence of weapons of mass destruction however that not what the evidence showed. Cheney visited CIA headquarters eight separate times. He said he wanted to see more “forward leading” on Iraq. If the CIA wrote negative briefings they went nowhere if they wrote pro-war briefing they ended having meetings at the Whitehouse.
About the same time the Pentagon established a special group to work with Cheney, it was called the OSP Office of Special Plans. Greg Fieldman was an intelligence specialist with State Department who watched the emergence of the OSP. It soon became clear to him that Cheney was the driving force behind misrepresenting the facts to the public about Iraq. OSP cherry-picked information and then stovepiped the information directly to the Whitehouse.
Karen Kwiatkowski is a retired U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel whose assignments included duties as a Pentagon desk officer and a variety of roles for the National Security Agency. She witnessed the actions of the OSP first hand. She saw cherry-picked information, out of context information and information marked as confirmed which had not been. The Example Kwiatkowski says the OSP touted an attempt by Saddam to buy uranium for a nuclear weapon without explaining that it occurred at least fifteen years earlier when Iraq was a US ally. Kwiatkowski said “if you disagreed with Dick Cheney then the highly likely result is you will no longer be working for Dick Cheney”.
By 2003 every US official was claiming Saddam had weapons of mass destruction. Donald Rumsfeld was caught lying about knowing of weapons and then not knowing of weapons many times on US television.
CNN and Time Magazine had reported that on September 10th 2001 a military plan to attack Afghanistan had been placed on George W Bush’s desk. It was to be signed by the President upon his return from Florida.