Kuwait is an illegal state, created in 1965 as a means of cutting off Iraq’s access to their harbours. United States had given the Iraqi government a tentative go ahead to Kuwait invade.
On 2nd September 1990, in a letter to the UN Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar, Kuwait's UN representative, Mohammad A. Abulhasan, wrote a letter claim the Iraqi’s were engaged in widespread looting.
On 5th September, the Kuwaiti health minister-in-exile, stated at a press conference in Taif, Saudi Arabia "that Iraqi soldiers had seized virtually all of the country's hospitals and medical institutions after their invasion" and that "soldiers evicted patients and systematically looted the hospitals of high-tech equipment, ambulances, drugs and plasma" which resulted in the death of 22 premature babies. There was no evidence to back this statement up.
The Washington Post, published a story of that nature adding the rider: The Washington Post also noted that it was unable to verify the accusations as Iraq did not permit access to the area and had quarantined diplomats.
On 29th September, in a meeting between Kuwaiti leader Sheik Jabbar al Ahmed al Sabah and president George H W Bush, It is possible that this is when the ‘babies throne out of incubators’ was invented.
Stories of this nature were also reported by NPR, The Los Angeles Times, San Jose Mercury News, The Times News, Sunday Times and ABC. Both 20/20 and 60 minutes featured 'investigative' pieces on the testimony.
On 10th October 1990, ‘Niyirah’ testified at a non-governmental Congressional Human Rights Caucus. ‘Niyirah’ testified against the Iraqi soldiers.
She claimed she was a nurse in a Kuwait maternity ward, and that Iraqi soldiers had taken the babies from their incubators and left them to die on the cold floor. This was a lie.
It was revealed in 1992 that ‘Niyirah’ was actually Nijirah Al-Sabah, daughter of Saud Bin Nasir Al-Sabah, Kuwaiti ambassador to the United States and Canada.
Saud Bin Nasir Al-Sabah, her father, was in the room with ‘nurse Niyirah’ as she gave her testimony, appearing as if she were alone. Her emotional ‘testimony’ was coached by Hill and Knowlton, a public relations firm hired by the Bush Administration.
Though Kuwait was not accessible by the media at the time, they deemed ‘Niyirah’s’ testimony to be credible. The story was widely published at the time. President George H W Bush used the testimony of ‘Nayirah’ in his press conference justifying the Gulf War. It was also cited by numerous United States senators, again to justify the war.
Furthermore, it was revealed that her testimony was organized as part of the Citizens for a Free Kuwait public relations campaign which was run by Hill and Knowlton. Hill and Knowlton fabricated the ‘babies ripped out of incubators’ story on a scientific basis for maximum emotional impact. It worked. Most of the news reports during Gulf War I were fake or managed.
Her initial story was backed up by Amnesty International, again without investigation. However they later issued a retraction. Amnesty stated that it "found no reliable evidence that Iraqi forces had caused the deaths of babies by removing them or ordering their removal from incubators."
Hill & Knowlton conducted a $1 million study to determine the best way to win support for strong action. Hill & Knowlton had the Wirthington Group conduct focus groups to determine the best strategy that would influence public opinion. The study found that an emphasis on atrocities, particularly the incubator story, was the most effective.
Hill & Knowlton is estimated to have been given as much as $12 million by the Kuwaitis for their public relations campaign. It was reported that Hill & Knowlton provided witnesses, wrote testimony, and coached the witnesses for effectiveness.
On 16th October Iraqi information minister, Latif Nassif al-Jassem, told the Iraqi News Agency that "now George H W Bush are using what Sheikh Jaber told him to make Congress ratify the budget for the Gulf War".
In a visit to Kuwait on 21st October, 1990, journalists who were escorted by Iraqi information ministry officials, doctors at a Kuwaiti maternity facility denied the incubator allegations. In the visit, the Iraqi head of the Kuwaiti health department, Abdul-Rahman Mohammad al-Ugeily, said that "Baghdad had sent 1,000 doctors and other medical to staff to help run Kuwait's 14 hospitals and health centres following the invasion.”
On 6th January 1992, The New York Times via John MacArthur published a story entitled "Remember Nayirah, Witness for Kuwait?" His article explained who Nayirah really was and brought up her relationship with Hill and Knowlton. By then it was two years too late the ‘Nayirah’ testimony had served the propaganda machine well. Despite the bringing forward of this information, no-one cared about it anymore. The ‘testimony’ and the media circus that followed it had done its job.
Niyirah’s testimony was widely publicized. Hill & Knowlton, which had filmed the hearing, and sent out a video news release to Medialink, a firm which served about 700 television stations in the United States.
Kuwaiti Incubator Lies - http://www.americanussr.com/american-ussr-premature-kuwaiti-baby-death-lies.htm / Wikipedia
Sheik Jabbar al Ahmed al Sabah
Saud Bin Nasir Al-Sabah
Mohammad A. Abulhasan