When the American Civil War commenced it was the bankers who stood to profit. The English Rothschilds in the North and the French Rothschilds in the South. The banking cartels were aware of the threat that Abraham Lincoln posed on their hold on the economic system. Thus Lincoln was not only beset be enemies in the South enemies, he had enemies in the bankers who had stirred up the war.


August Belmont was a registered agent Rothschild banking family in Europe who came to the United States and quickly became the leading seller of bonds for The Federal Government. He’s the person who got the money to start the Civil War. At the same time, he was quietly buying up all the Southern American bonds. It was a banking deal.


Though slavery is generally regarded as the catalyst for the American civil war the truth is far from it. The North was partly funded by the Bank of England and the South by the French Rothschilds. Slavery was used as a ‘divide and conquer’ strategy to destabilise the North and South. The Rothschild’s were heavy involved in the slave trade to the colonies and therefore could cease the trade at any time.


Even early on Lincoln’s life was under threat, on the way to his angulation in Baltimore in 1861 Lincoln evaded assassins due his strong disagreements about slavery and other banking matters. The American Civil War loomed. The following month seven southern states withdrew from the union. Shortly afterwards the first shots were fired.


“But Lincoln read their plots and understood that the South was not the worst foe, but the financiers” – Otto von Bismarck, Chancellor of Germany, published in La Vieille, France in March 1876.


By 1861 the North was running out of money. Lincoln went to borrow from the New York banks, which were attached to the European bankers, to fund the North. These banks under the influence of the Rothschilds. The banks offered Lincoln a deal he couldn’t possible accept. Loans at 24 – 36% interest annually. European banking cartels had made the decision to back the South. This caused significant financial hardship for Lincoln and the people of the North.

“At the opening of the year 1862 the government finances were in a critical condition…The bankers of Europe, with Rothschilds at their head, would not touch our securities.” W Scott Morgan, History of the Wheel and Alliance, 1891.


Lincoln and his countrymen were angered by the banking cartels, in response they printed their own debt free money, making it legal tender for both public and private debts. This government issued money with no national debt or interest debt generated in its issue, was called greenbacks. This was because it was printed with black ink and a red seal on the front and green ink on the back.


Finally America had centrally generated currency that was not dominated by the private interests. Something that should be a sovereign right that shouldn’t be delegated to corporate interests. However this independent centrally generated currency was to be short lived.


Meanwhile by cutting the banking cartels out of the picture the colonies began to flourish.


 “The issuance of this money at once brought relief to the country. With it the soldier was paid for his services, and his equipments furnished. Light began to break through the darkness, the destitution of the soldier’s family gave way to moderate comfort… and flourished as never before in the history of country.” (Sarah V Emery, Seven Financial Acts Which Have Enslaved the American People, 1887)


Once free of the banksters, people could be freed from the bondage of having not quite enough, the wheels turned freely. By the average person having that extra spending power, all sectors of the economy were benefiting from the free flow of funds. Which prevented the stalling of the economic engine. It is through this stalling of the monitory supply that the banksters were able to wreak havoc on every sector of the economy in an instant. Because they steal a significant portion of the wealth and indebt nations with every dollar that is spent at interest.


Americans were used to living in an environment where it is the norm for businesses to fail. For a significant percentage of the world to struggle in meeting their basic food and shelter needs without falling into debt.


Lincoln’s greenback showed that becoming free from banking control it could be an entirely different world. Yet as the future would show America was far from free. Lincoln was unable to break the totally huge shackles of monitory control held by banking cartels.


 By April 1862, $4.5 million of Lincoln debt free greenbacks had been printed and distributed. Lincoln stated “We gave the people of this republic the greatest blessing they ever had. Their own paper money to pay their own debts”


Lincoln also revealed his intention was to maintain the government issued greenback currency free from the clutches of the banking cartels. “The government should create, issue and circulate all the currency and credit needed to satisfy the spending power of the government and the buying power of consumers” Abraham Lincoln.


However the banksters were very unhappy with this situation and the Wild West banking system in America began to respond aggressively. The banks began to fight the government. While the Confederates were fighting out front with guns, the bankers were fighting from behind and choking of the government’s credit and their supply of money.


So the banksters hatched a plan against Lincoln’s debt free greenback currency. The banking cartel were so endemic to the system having influence over so many of the country’s law makers they were able to hatch a plan that proved ultimately destructive to the greenback. Essentially they hatched a plan which in essence was designed to destroy the currency completely.


The banking cartels knew that if they didn’t put a stop to Lincoln’s greenbacks their power would ultimately be crushed.


“It doesn't take a Philadelphia lawyer to figure out just what the money changers were after. It is very plain that they were aiming at having the "Government's Power to issue full legal tender greenbacks" killed, the act and power which you will remember that "The Great Lincoln" had said was the "Greatest blessing the American people had ever had bestowed upon them," and in its place, the money changers also wanted to put the Government into an enormous indebtedness to them for bonds and get back the "power" to issue the paper money themselves on bonds.


“Crooked? Criminal? Unconstitutional? Well, look around you today and see what the consummation of their activity at that time has accomplished, for right there began one of the blackest pages ever to be written into the history of our glorious country, binding our people link by link with a diabolical chain of economic slavery that can well be called the direct cause of all the grief, suffering, poverty, loss of homes, farms, business, and all the widespread unemployment we are labouring under today. Turn back and see what Thomas Jefferson, one of the men who helped to frame the Constitution, had to say about private banks issuing money.” Fabius Melton Butler, Lincoln Money Martyred, 1935.


“The shepherd drives the wolf from the sheep's for which the sheep thanks the shepherd as his liberator, while the wolf denounces him for the same act as the destroyer of liberty. Plainly, the sheep and the wolf are not agreed upon a definition of liberty.” Abraham Lincoln




Lincoln understood that there is vast difference between paying massive amounts interest to private bankers through privately issued currency and the government issuing interest free money. He was not alone. There were many people still alive who watched President Andrew Jackson defeat the 2nd Central Bank of America. Who watched President John Tyler also repel it, who saw the assassination of President James A. Garfield, who had spoken out against them and sought to take even more ground from them.  


In a speech, in support of government issued greenback money Lincoln stated “By the adoption of these principles, the taxpayers will be saved immense sums of interest. The privilege of creating and issuing money is not only the supreme prerogative of government, but it is the government’s greatest creative opportunity.”


In 1863 the Tsar of Russia, Alexander II, was having trouble with the European banking cartels. The Tsar was refusing their continual attempts to set up a central bank in Russia. The Tsar then made a bold gesture in support of Lincoln. He issued a decree that if England or France intervened in the American Civil War, he would consider this a declaration of war on Russia and take the side of Lincoln.


To support his decree Tsar Alexander II, sent a deployment of his fleet to New York and another deployment to port in San Francisco. Whist the Civil War between North and South was being waged in the fields and forests of America the war in Washington DC escalated.


The banker were making moves and reinstating national control of the money system, for another central bank. Reinstatement of the central bank would subject the people of America again to the prolonged leaching of their wealth through a national debt and a growing interest burden. It would also return to bankster hands the power to create nationwide booms and busts.


“The money power prey upon the nation in times of peace and conspire against it in times of adversity. It is more despotic than monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, more selfish than bureaucracy” – Abraham Lincoln.


Ultimately the sabotage of the greenback currency by the passing of various laws pushed by the banking cartels was successful. Still involved in a bitter war, still needing currency and surrounded by politicians sponsored by and subservient to the banksters, Lincoln hesitantly signed the National Banking Act.


Nevertheless he later intended to rescind the Act. At what point he decided to do so, Lincoln did not make known, but it was known that he later intended to abolish the Central Bank. Having used it for assistance at a price in his darkest hour.


The banking cartels were thrilled at this development. They made a circular which they distributed amongst prominent Wall Street Bankers which outlined their aims, their hopes for their control of the entire financial system. 


“As the banks have a national organisation, and can easily act together in withholding loans or extending them, if follows that they can by united action in refusing to make loans, cause a stringency in the money market and in a single week or even a single day cause a decline in all the products of the country. The tremendous possibilities of speculation involved in this control of the money of a country like the United States will at once be understood by all bankers” (Pamphlet circulated around amongst the Wall Street bankers, 1863, point 15 of 17)


A typical mindset of a bankster is your potential loss is their potential opportunity. It's just business for them. They do this as a matter of course. So it shouldn’t be surprising when they go to the government for bailouts or they come to you to repossess your home.


This Central organisation of banks gave them the ability to work together in concert and speculate on whilst controlling the broader economy. A similar situation was echoed years later:


“Norman Montagu was Governor of Bank of England said in addressing the Bankers Association in New York City in 1924:


“Capital must protect itself in every possible way both by combination and legislation debts must be collected, Mortgages foreclosed as rapidly as possible, when through process of law the common people lose their homes they will become more docile and more easily governed through the strong arm of the Government applied by a central power of wealth under leading financiers.


These truths are well known among our principal men who are now engaged in forming an imperialism to govern the world, by dividing the voter through the party political system, we can get them to expend their energies in fighting for questions of no importance, it is thus by discrete action we can secure for ourselves that which has been so well planned, and so successfully accomplished".


This quote was reprinted in the Idaho leader in USA on 26 August 1924 and read into the Australian Federal Hansard (Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates) twice; once by John Evans MP in 1926 and by MD Cowen MP within the session 1930/1931.


When Lincoln realised that he had unleashed the full power of the bankers upon the American people once again, he became very regretful for his part in the National Banking Act’s acceptance into law.


“My agency in promoting the National Bank Act was the greatest financial mistake of my life. It has built up a monopoly which affects every interest in the country. It should be repealed, but before that can be accomplished, the people will be arrayed on one side, and the banks on the other, in a contest such as we have never before seen in this country” – Abraham Lincoln


Had Lincoln lived, he himself stated he had every intention of repealing the National Banking Act. In addition to which, he stated that the conflict that this would generate would be like nothing the country had ever seen.


Lincoln understood what was at stake, and he understood the lengths to which the banking cartels would go, to maintain and to strengthen their hold on power.


On 14th April 1865, at Ford’s Theatre President Lincoln was assassinated by john Wilkes Booth. It was only 41 days after he had been re-elected as president, and just five days after the end of the Civil War. The Banking Cartels had removed their greatest threat.


One of Lincoln’s last public statements was showed that he had seen his worst fears realised:


 "Yes, we may all congratulate ourselves that this cruel war is nearing its close. It has cost a vast amount of treasure and blood. The best blood of the flower of American youth has been freely offered upon our country's altar that the nation might live. It has been indeed a trying hour for the republic; but I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country.


As a result of the war, corporations have been enthroned and an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavour to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until all wealth is aggregated in a few hands, and the Republic is destroyed. I feel at this moment more anxiety for the safety of my country than ever before, even in the midst of war.” Abraham Lincoln.


After the civil war, the United States was financially weakened, low on resources and still struggling to put the country back together, America needed money. The international bankers was right there to lend America all that it needed.


History books tell us that there were eight people convicted for their roles in the assassination of President Lincoln, four were hanged. The other four were imprisoned.


Lincoln had asked fourteen people to attend Ford Theatre with him the night of the assassination. Twelve people refused. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton refused and persuaded Ulysses S. Grant not to go. The significance of Grant not going meant there would not be a military presence at the Theatre that night. Grant as Secretary of War would have had a military escort.


Lincoln never paid much attention to security issues, he would often wander out of the Whitehouse unescorted. On the day of the assassination Lincoln ask Stanton to provide Major Thomas T. Eckert as his escort for the evening. Stanton claimed that Eckert wouldn’t be available that night. Lincoln went directly to Eckert to ask him to be his escort, Eckert however sided with his boss, Stanton and refused to go with Lincoln that night. Both Stanton and Eckert had no plan plans for the evening and just went home at the end of the day.


John Frederick Parker an American police officer, with a past history of getting drunk while on duty, was put in charge of Lincoln’s security detail that evening. While Lincoln was in the theatre, Parker was in the bar next door getting drunk. Despite this Stanton never reprimanded Parker.


The ultimate responsibility for the selection of John Parker was Secretary Stanton, since he was in charge of Presidential security. Stanton was known as a harsh and ruthless person yet in response to Parker's dereliction of duty he was uncharacteristically lenient.


On 6th May 1865, the Chief of Police Major A C Richards brought Parker up charges of neglecting his duty on the night of the assassination. On 2nd June 1865, the charges were mysteriously dismissed. It seemed someone more powerful than the Chief of Police was protecting Parker.


How did John Wilkes Booth know that Lincoln wasn’t going to be guarded that night? Booth only had a derringer with one bullet in it. He knew the play well and timed his attack to coincide with the most laughter from the play. Booth either had to know beforehand that the guard wouldn’t be there or he was extraordinarily lucky.


Moments after Lincoln was shot, all the telegraph lines to Washington DC were cut. The only working line went to the war department. The lines had been expertly severed leaving Washington DC cut off from the outside world. Within a few minutes of the shooting people had identified John Wilkes Booth as the assassin however they had no means of sending out the information.



At that time Washington was a city surrounded by swamp land. The only way into the city was to cross one of the bridges that led to the city. When Secretary Stanton had heard the assassin had escaped he began to order the bridges closed. The bridge that led directly to Richmond and the southern states was the Navy Yard Bridge. This was the last bridge ordered closed by Secretary Stanton. By the time it was closed Booth had already crossed that bridge and was fifty miles away from the city. Could it be that Stanton was giving Booth the opportunity to escape?


There were a group of radical Republicans who were controlled by the Central banks, and they were led by Secretary Stanton. Many questions were asked about Stanton’s conduct before and after the assassination of President Lincoln.


A confederate spy who had been taken prisoner was moved to Washington DC on the direct orders of Secretary Stanton. The prisoners name was James William Boyd. He had the same initials as john Wilkes Booth, and had those initials tattooed on his left hand like John Wilkes Booth. Boyd bared a strong resemblance to Booth.


When Boyd was released he had a meeting with either Secretary Stanton or his aid Major Thomas Eckert. Boyd wrote to a friend in Tennessee after the meeting saying he had taken a job with the government.  


After Booth shot Lincoln, he got into a struggle with Lincoln guest for the evening Major Henry Rathbone, Booth stabbed Major Rathbone. After the struggle Booth leap to the stage where a spur from boot got caught in the bunting hanging from the box causing him to land awkwardly and to break his ankle. He then yelled “Sic Semper Tyrannis", or "Thus ever to tyrants"


Meanwhile in another part of Washington DC, Lewis Paine has broken into Secretary of State William H. Seward home and stabbed Secretary Seward. He managed to injure four member of the house hold before making his getaway.


Elsewhere a third member of the team George Atzerodt was supposed to have killed Vice President Andrew Johnson, however, Axelrod never left the bar he was in that night. Atzerodt was found guilty of conspiracy to kill Lincoln and was executed 7th July 1865.


Booth crossed the Navy Yard bridge a met up with fellow conspirator David Herold who was waiting to help Booth escape. The two men ended up being cornered in a barn in Garrett Farm on 26th April 1865.  The authorities arrested Herold but Booth refused to surrender. He was shot and killed by Sargent Thomas P. "Boston" Corbett. 




There was a serious question as to whether the man caught at Garrett Farm that night was in fact Booth. It was impossible for Booth to be escaping with David Herold on the night of the assassination as Herold was in police custody at the time. Therefore whoever Booth met up with that night, it wasn’t David Herold.


Despite the fact that Herold was in police custody at the time, the government put out a police wanted poster with John Surratt, Booth and Herold on it. The picture they used for Herold was the one taken by police when Herold was arrested four days before the assassination.


John Harrison Surratt, Jr. (April 13, 1844 – April 21, 1916) was accused of plotting with John Wilkes Booth to kidnap Abraham Lincoln and suspected of involvement in the Abraham Lincoln assassination.


His mother, Mary Surratt, (1820 or May 1823 – July 7, 1865) was convicted of conspiracy and hanged by the United States Federal Government. She owned the boarding house where Booth and fellow conspirators planned the scheme. Sentenced to death, she was hanged, becoming the first woman executed by the United States federal government. She was not convicted of involvement in the assassination. However while being interview by the police, Mary Surratt had Lewis Paine show up at her place during questioning.


Lewis Thornton Powell (April 22, 1844 – July 7, 1865), also known as Lewis Payne and Lewis Paine, who attempted to assassinate United States Secretary of State William H. Seward on April 14, 1865. Was accused of being a conspirator with John Wilkes Booth, to assassinated President Abraham Lincoln the same night.


Samuel Bland Arnold (September 6, 1834 – September 21, 1906), Michael O'Laughlen, Jr. (June 3, 1840 – September 23, 1867) and Edmund "Ned" Spangler (August 10, 1825 – February 7, 1875) were involved in the plot to kidnap U.S. President Abraham Lincoln in 1865. They were sentenced to life in prison at Fort Jefferson, along with Samuel Mudd. In 1869 Arnold, Mudd, and Spangler were released after being pardoned by President Andrew Johnson (O'Laughlen had died in prison in 1867).


The Knights of the Golden Circle, also known as the Order of the Sons of Liberty, were a secret society of southern sympathizers. Booth was a high-ranking member of a secret society. Besides Booth, other high-ranking members of the KGC included: Andrew Johnson, Lincoln's Vice-President; Edwin Stanton, Lincoln's secretary of war; William H. Seward, Lincoln's secretary of state; Senator John Parker Hale (New Hampshire); and Benjamin Laughton, a New York banker. There is a rumour that Jesse James was a member of the secret society. It’s not a stretch to believe all these men, except James, were all part of the banking elite.


Since David Herold was already in custody Colonel Lafayette Curry Baker decided to offer him a deal. If he would go with the NDP (National Detective Police) detectives and help look for Booth he would not be prosecuted for his part in the scheme. Herold decided to go and help the detectives.  The NDP also arrested James William Boyd. Now they had Herold and Boyd travelling together through Maryland trying to pick-up Booth’s trail.


On the night of the assassination Booth rode out of town with Eddie Hanson. Samuel Alexander Mudd (December 20, 1833 – January 10, 1883) was the doctor that treated Booth for his broken ankle the night of the assassination. Mudd introduced himself as “You can call me Mudd” which is where the expression come from today. There is no evidence that Mudd had anything to do with the assassination of Lincoln, however he was sentenced to prison for helping Booth.


Only two days into the search Herold and Boyd decided they would never come out of the search alive so they decided to escape, which they did during the night. The NDP detectives continued their search for Booth after Herold and Boyd escaped. The NDP detectives picked up the trail of Boyd and Herold thinking they were closing in on Booth. The found themselves at Richard Garrett’s farm and surrounded the barn.


The troops surrounded the barn and ordered the men inside to surrender. When the troops set the tobacco barn on fire Herold came running out telling the troops that the man inside was James William Boyd. Despite strict orders that Booth be taken alive Sargent Boston Corbett fired through a crack in the barn and killed Boyd. Sargent Corbett had been in the army for a long time was accustom to following orders, this time flagrantly ignored them.


Corbett was bought back to Washington DC under arrest. Secretary Stanton uncharacteristically let Corbett go. Corbett explained "Providence directed me.”


The Boyd's killing was passed off as the Booth killing, and as far as the media was concerned there was no need to change the story. So if Booth didn’t die what happened to him? NDP chief Coronel Baker assigned his most trusted detectives, the Potter brother, to follow the cold path of Booth. They found that Booth and Hanson had met up with Henry Johnson, Booth valet. From there it’s believe they made their way to New York City were Booth lived for two years. Booth is believed to have been protected by some high powered European Banking houses and secret societies.


The Potter brother found evidence that Booth lived in Tennessee in 1871-72.


Colonel Lafayette Baker wrote a book in which he describes the delivery of a diary. The diary of John Wilkes Booth, into the hands of Secretary Stanton. Once the diary was found there was a strange sentence in it “I have almost a mind to return to Washington to in a measure clear my name, which I am quite sure I can do.” How Booth planned to do this is unknown.


When the diary was made public, it was found to be missing eighteen pages. The stubs on those pages indicated that writing had been on those pages. Secretary Stanton testified twice before congress that those pages were missing before he received the diary.


According some other private papers of Stanton, He met with a group of radical Republicans after the assassination. He showed them the Booth diary. Among the eighteen missing pages was enough evidence to send them all to prison for being co-conspirators in the Lincoln assassination. It is unknown who removed the eighteen pages from the Booth diary.


However, it is interesting to note that these missing eighteen pages have shown up in in papers of Edwin Stanton, now owned by a Stanton descendant. Among the pages are cypher coded material which names the other co-conspirators in the assassination. The list includes congressmen, bankers and cotton gold speculators.  


In Finis L. Bates’ 1907 book ‘Escape and Suicide of John Wilkes Booth’, the author contends that Booth assumed a new identity, John St. Helen, and lived in exile until taking his own life in 1903.


Historians and Booth descendants have attempted to obtain permission to exhume Booth’s corpse for DNA testing, but all requests so far have been denied.


Lincoln had played his role, he knew that although the war with the Southern army had been won, he also knew the wider war against the financial powers, was yet to be won. He understood that although one war was ending that another was commencing. That war most certainly did continue beyond his presidency. On to the 20th century and right through the 20th century. Into 21st century where it still wages today more important than ever.


 Abraham Lincoln vs. Banking Cartels American Civil War Greenback Currency (Parts 1 &2) / Abraham Lincoln’s assassination – Nothing but Intrigue   / Wikipedia

Abraham Lincoln

August Belmont

Otto von Bismarck

Norman Montagu

Fabius Melton Butler

Tsar Alexander II

Secretary of War Edwin Stanton

Major Thomas T. Eckert

Wanted Poster

John Frederick Parker

John Wilkes Booth

David Herold

Andrew Johnson.

Boston Corbett

Colonel Lafayette Curry Baker

Lewis Powell attacking Frederick W. Seward

James William Boyd


Mary Surratt

Lewis Paine

Execution of Lincoln assassins

Garrett Farm

Dr Samuel Mudd

Samuel Bland Arnold


Edmund "Ned" Spangler